Bibliography (For Further Reading)

For Further Reading

This source listing appears in the book.  It is certainly not comprehensive—the Kingdom of God/Government/War topical arena is among the most written about in Christian history!—nor is it entirely representative of sources used herein.  Since the more frequently heard (although perhaps not the most written) opinions are slanted in the direction of participating actively in one or more governmental endeavors, I did think it more helpful to offer more titles for consideration of non-participation philosophies and an over-arching, theologically based, and/or apocalyptic view of the Kingdom of God. 

The six sources that appear in bold print are writings that, at this juncture, call me to further exploration and reflecting—and then to action.


Allen, C. Leonard.  Discovering Our Roots:  The Ancestry of Churches of Christ.  ACU Press, 1988.

Allen, C. Leonard.  “The Peaceable Kingdom.”  In Distant Voices.  ACU Press, 1993.

Allen, C. Leonard.  Things Unseen:  Churches of Christ in (and After) the Modern Age.  ACU Press, 2004.  See particularly these chapters (2—“Things Seen:  Strengths and Weaknesses of Restoration …,” 4—“Unearthing the Dirt Philosophy,” 5—“The Stone the Builders Rejected …,” and 8—“Living in Light of Last(ing) Things.”

Augustine.  The City of God, in Ante-Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers II.  Eerdmans, 1956.

Bales, James D.  The Case of Cornelius.  Gospel Light, c1964.

_____.  The Christian Conscientious Objector.  J.D. Bales, [1943?].

_____.  Communism and the Reality of Moral Law.  Craig Press, 1969.

Barclay, William.  “The Kingdom of God.”  In The Mind of Jesus.  Harper & Row, 1960, 46-56.  Barclay’s thoughtful treatment of the spiritual notion of the Kingdom of God is exceptionally circumspect.

Boles, H. Leo.  “Christians Going to War.”  In Gospel Advocate LXV, 1923.

_____.  The New Testament Teaching on War.  Gospel Advocate Co.

Boll, R.H.  The Kingdom of God:  A Survey-study of the Bible’s Principal Theme.  Word and Work, 19[xx].

Bretherton, Luke.  Christianity & Contemporary Politics.  Wiley-Blackwell, 2010.

Broadbent, E.H.  The Pilgrim Church.  Pickering & Inglis, Ltd., 1931.  Free text available at http://thejesusway.info/pdf/ PilgrimChurch/PilgrimChurchVer-0200-beta.pdf.

Camp, Lee C.  “Cross in Christendom:  Constantianianism and the Doctrine of the Atonement, or, Understanding Jesus’ Cross When “Everybody’s Doing It.”  In Restoration Quarterly, Vol. 40, 1998.

Camp, Lee.  Mere Discipleship:  Radical Christianity in a Rebellious World.  Brazos, 2003.

Camp, Lee C.  “Who Is My Enemy: Questions American Christians Must Face about Islam—and Themselves.”  In Christian Standard, Vol. 146, 2011.

Camp, Lee C.  “Why the Christian Church Ought to be Pacifist.”  In Leaven, Vol. 10, 2002.

Campbell, Alexander.  “Address on War.”  In Popular Lectures and Addresses.  Harbinger Book Club, [ ].

Carson, D.A.  Divine Sovereignty and Human Responsibility:  Biblical Perspectives in Tension.  John Knox Press, 1981.

Calvin, John.  “On Civil Government.”  In Institutes of the Christian Religion.  Excerpted in On God and Political Duty by John T. McNeill.  2nd ed.  Bobbs-Merrill Company, 1956.

Casey, Michael.  “Government Surveillance of Churches of Christ in World War I.”  Unpublished Christian Scholars Conference paper, 1999.  Note:  the late Michael Casey is not a relative of this author.

Casey, Michael.  “Neither Militant Nor Pacifist:  R.H. Boll on War and Peace.”  Unpublished Christian Scholars Conference paper, 1998.  Note:  the late Michael Casey is not a relative of this author.

Casey, Shaun.  “Observations on Contemporary Catholic Just War Thinking.”  In Restoring the First-century Church in the Twenty-first Century:  In Honor of Don Haymes.  Warren Lewis and Hans Rollman, eds.; David Bundy, series editor.  Wipf and Stock, 2005.  Note:  Shaun Casey is not a relative of this author.

Colson, Charles and Ellen Santilli Vaughn.  God & Government:  An Insider’s Voice on the Boundaries Between Faith & Politics.  Zondervan, 2007.  A revised and updated edition of Kingdoms in Conflict, 1988.

Coues, Samuel.  War and Christianity—An Address.  American Peace Society, 1842.

Davis, Derek, ed.  Journal of Church and State.  J.M. Dawson Institute of Church-State Studies of Baylor University, 1959-[ ].

Davis, Robert.  Quaker Witness for Peace.  Friends’ Home Service Committee, 1940.

Dear, John.  Our God is Nonviolent:  Witnesses in the Struggle for Peace & Justice.  Pilgrim Press, 1990.

Elam, E.A.  “The Relationship of Christians to Civil Government.”  In Gospel Advocate LXV, 1923.

Ellingsen, Mark.  When Did Jesus Become Republican?  Rowman & Littlefield, 2007.

Elrod, Mark A.  Churches of Christ and the “War Question”:  The Influence of Christian Journals.  Ph.D. Dissertation, Vanderbilt University, 1995.

Fath, Sébastien.  “American Civil Religion and George W. Bush.”  In Religion and American Politics:  From the Colonial Period to the Present.  Mark A. Noll and Luke E. Harlow, eds.  Oxford, 2007.

Ferguson, Everett.  “The Kingdom of God in Early Patristic Literature.”  In The Kingdom of God in 20th-Century Interpretation.  Wendell Willis, ed.  Hendrickson, 1987.

Grässer, Erich.  “On Understanding the Kingdom of God.”  Trans. C. Marsh.  In The Kingdom of God in the Teaching of Jesus.  Bruce Chilton, ed.  Fortress, 1984.  (Original edition:  “Zum Verständnis der Gottesherrshaft.”  In Zeitschrift für die Neutestamentliche Wissenschaft und die Kunde der Älteren Kirche, Vol. 65, No. 1-2, 1974.)

Grenz, Stanley J.  Prayer:  The Cry for the Kingdom.  Eerdmans, 2005l

Handy, Robert T.  The Protestant Quest for a Christian America 1830-1930.  Fortress, 1967.

Harris, Samuel.  The Kingdom of Christ on Earth:  Twelve Lectures Delivered before the Students of the Theological Seminary.  Andover, 1874.  Also available via Google Books.

Hauerwas, Stanley.  “A Christian Critique of Christian America.”  In Nomos Vol. 30, Religion, Morality, and the Law, 110-133.  American Society for Political and Legal Philosophy, 1988.

Hicks, John Mark.  “The Eschatological Structure of James A. Harding’s Theology.”  Unpublished Christian Scholars Conference paper, 1999.

Hicks, John Mark and Bobby Valentine.  Kingdom Come:  Embracing the Spiritual Legacy of David Lipscomb and James Harding.  Leafwood, 2006.

Hooper, Robert R.  “My Kingdom Is Not of This World” and “The Peaceable Kingdom.”  In Crying in the Wilderness:  A Biography of David Lipscomb.  David Lipscomb College, 1979.

Horsley, Richard A.  Jesus and Empire:  The Kingdom of God and the New World Disorder.

Hughes, Richard T.  “The Apocalyptic Origins of Churches of Christ and the Triumph of Modernism.”  In Religion and American Culture:  A Journal of Interpretation Vol. 2, No. 2.  Summer 1992.

_____.  Christian America and the Kingdom of God.  University of Illinois Press, 2009.

_____.  “The Real Heroes.”  In Restoring the First-century Church in the Twenty-first Century:  In Honor of Don Haymes.  Warren Lewis and Hans Rollman, eds.; David Bundy, series editor, 305-310.  Wipf and Stock, 2005.

_____.   “Restoring an Apostolic Lifestyle:  Anabaptists.”  In C. Leonard Allen and Richard Hughes, Discovering Our Roots:  The Ancestry of Churches of Christ, 125-136.  ACU Press, 1988.

_____.  Reviving the Ancient Faith:  The Story of Churches of Christ in America.  Eerdmans, 1996.  See particularly these chapters:  “The Apocalyptic Outlook of Barton W. Stone” and “The Apocalyptic Tradition of Churches of Christ.”

Isbell, Allen C.  War and Conscience.  Biblical Research Press, 1966.  The author lays out the case for “absolute pacifism” and “non-pacifism,” confessing his own altered position to be a non-pacifist “with an uneasy conscience.”

Jones, E. Stanley.  The Unshakable Kingdom and the Unchanging Person.  Abindgon, 1972.

Kalantzis, George, and Gregory W. Lee, eds.  Christian Political Witness.  IVP Academic, 2014.

Keech, Kevin P.  David Lipscomb’s “Apocalyptic” Worldview:  A Partial Critique of Richard Hughes’s Stone-Campbell Historiography.  Master’s Thesis, Harding School of Theology, 2001.

Kinnaman, David and Gabe Lyons.  “Too Political.”  In unChristian:  What a New Generation Really Thinks about Christianity … and Why It Matters.  Baker Books, 2007.

Koch, Klaus.  The Rediscovery of Apocalyptic:  A Polemical Work on a Neglected Area of Biblical Studies and Its Damaging Effects on Theology and Philosophy.  SCM, 1972.

Kruse, Kevin M.  One Nation Under God:  How Corporate America Invented Christian America.  Basic Books, 2015.

Kurfees, M.C. “The Church and Secular Functions.”  In Gospel Advocate LVIII, 1916.

Lard, Moses.  “Should Christians Go To War?”  In Lard’s Quarterly, April 1966.

Lehman, Jacob S., et al.  “The Peaceable Church and Kingdom; Its Non-resistant Character.”  In Christianity Defined.  Reformed Mennonite Church, 1940.  A compilation, without specific attributions, of the writings of others, including Daniel Musser (see below).  From personal library of James D. Bales, now in Harding University’s Brackett Library.

Lipscomb, David.  Civil Government:  Its Origin, Mission, and Destiny.  McQuiddy, 1889; Gospel Advocate, 1913; M. Lynwood Publications, 1984.

Littell, Franklin H.  The Anabaptist View of the Church:  A Study in the Origins of Sectarian Protestantism.  2nd ed.  Starr King Press, [1958].

Lundström, G.  The Kingdom of God in the Teaching of Jesus.  Edinburgh, 1963.  (Original edition:  Guds Rike i Jesu Förkunnelse.  Lund, 1947.)

Lunger, Harold L. The Political Ethics of Alexander Campbell.  St. Louis:  The Bethany Press, 1954.  See particularly these chapters:  “New Testament Primitivism,” “Separation of Church and State,” and “The Christian’s Responsibility to Government.”

Mathes, James M.  The Works of Elder B.W. Stone.   Moore, Wilstach, Keys & Co., 1859; Old Paths Book Club, 1953.

McGuiggan, Jim.  The Reign of God.  Montex, 1979.

McKnight, Scot.  Kingdom Conspiracy:  Returning to the Radical Mission of the Local Church.  McKnight’s end-result thesis and perspectives do not parallel mine in all respects, but see particularly the early chapters that review various conceptions of the Kingdom of God.

Musser, Daniel.  Non-Resistance Asserted, Or The Kingdom of Christ and the Kingdom of This World Separated.  Elias Barr, 1864.  Available at http://www.nonresistance.org/docs_htm/~Nonresistance _Asserted/Nonresistance_Asserted.html.

Niebuhr, H. Richard.  The Kingdom of God in America.  Shoe String Press, 1956.

Olbricht, Thomas H.  “The Peace Heritage of the Churches of Christ.”  In John Rempel and Jeffrey Gros, eds., The Fragmentation of the Church and its Unity in Peacemaking.  Eerdmans, 2001.

Panahpour, Darius Y.  Erasmus’ Theory of Christian Government.  Theological Research Exchange Network, 1993.

Pearse, Meic.  The Great Restoration:  The Religious Radicals of the 16th and 17th Centuries.  Paternoster, 1998.

Ramsey, Paul.  War and the Christian Conscience:  How Shall Modern War Be Conducted Justly?  Duke University, 1961.

Ritchie, Andy T, Jr.  “Reasons Why I Believe a Christian Should Not Participate in the Running of a Human Government.”  Public domain, [197x?].

Rogers, Lee.   God and Government.  Rogers Publications, 1971.

Roos, David.  The Social Thought of Barton Warren Stone and Its Significance Today for the Disciples of Christ in Western Kentucky.  Ph.D. Dissertation, Vanderbilt University, 1973.

Sanders, Thomas G.  “Christian Life without Political Compromise:  The Anabaptists and Mennonites,” and “From Theocracy to Pacifism:  The Quakers.”  In Protestant Concepts of Church and State.  Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1964.

Schnackenburg, Rudolf.  God’s Rule and Kingdom.  Transl. by John Murray.  Herder and Herder, 1963.  See particularly these chapters:  “The Purely Religious and Universal Character of the Reign of God,” “Kingdom of God, Reign of Christ and Church,” “Christ’s Rule over Church and World,” “The Transcendent and the Eschatological Kingdom,” and “Note on Theological Terminology.”

Schweitzer, Albert.  The Kingdom of God and Pprimitive Christianity.  Transl. L.A. Garrard.  Seabury Press, 1968.  Original edition:  Reich Gottes und Christentum.)

Sears, Lloyd Cline.  The Eyes of Jehovah:  The Life and Faith of James Alexander Harding.  Gospel Advocate, 1970.

Slater, E.A.  A Treatise on the Relation of Christians to Earthly Governments, Or The Kingdom of Christ Among the Nations.  Transylvania Printing and Publishing Co., 1878.  Public domain.

Snyder, Howard.  The Community of the King.  Inter-Varsity Press, 1977.

Stevens, John C.  Before Any Were Willing:  The Story of George S. Benson.  Harding University, 1991.

Stone, Barton W.  The Biography of Elder Barton Warren Stone.  J.A. and U.P. James, 1847.

_____.  “The Kingdom of Heaven.”  In The Christian Messenger, 1835.

_____.  “The Kingdom of Heaven, or, Church of God.”  In The Christian Messenger, 1840.

_____.  “Nine Interviews Between an Old and a Young Preacher,” in The Works of Elder B. W. Stone Vol. I, 2nd ed.  Moore, Wilstack, Keys, and Co., 1859.  Republished by Old Paths Book Club, John Allen Hudson, ed., 1954.

Swierenga, Robert P.  “Ethnoreligious Political Behavior in the Mid-Nineteenth Century.”  In Religion and American Politics:  From the Colonial Period to the Present.  Mark A. Noll and Luke E. Harlow, eds.  Oxford, 2007.

Tolstóy, Leo N.  The Kingdom of God Is Within You.  Or, Christianity Not as a Mystical Teaching but as a New Concept of Life, transl. Leo Wiener.  L.C. Page & Co., 1893, 1905, 1951/3.

Wallace, Foy E., Jr.  The Christian and the Government:  With Review of the Lipscomb Theory of Civil Government, by O.C. Lambert.  Foy E. Wallace, Jr. Publications, 1968.

_____.  The Sermon on the Mount and the Civil State .  Foy E. Wallace, Jr. Publications, Nashville, 1967.

Valentine, Bobby.  “James A. Harding’s Theology of the Indwelling Holy Spirit:  Highlighted by His Discussion with Dr. J.C. Holloway.”  Unpublished Christian Scholars Conference paper, 1999.

_____.  “The Church During the War.”  In The Search for the Ancient Order:  A History of the Restoration Movement 1849-1906 Vol. 1.  Gospel Advocate, 1964.

West, Earl I.  “In and Out of War.”  In The Search for the Ancient Order:  A History of the Restoration Movement 1849-1906 Vol. 3.  Gospel Advocate, 1979.

_____.  The Life and Times of David Lipscomb.  Religious Book Service, 1954, 1987.

Wright, N.T.  The Victory of God.  Fortress, 1996.

Yoder, Sanford Calvin.  For Conscience Sake:  A Study of Mennonite Migrations Resulting from the World War.  Herald Press, 1945.